This video summarises the results and policy implications of our e-bike research in the UK. When an e-bike is made available, many people choose to use it, and it has substantial effects on their travel behavior. This is likely to result in reduced carbon emissions, lower congestion and an increase in health and wellbeing. Our study gave electrically-assisted bikes to 100 people, for 6-8 weeks each (commuters of 2 large employers+community groups). The ‘smart’ monitoring system recorded and transmitted bike usage data, used with survey+interview data. Watch the video for more results!
Brighton’s first Bikehangar – an on-street lock up for bicycles – has been officially handed over to residents.
The University of Brighton-led project is funded by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) and Brighton and Hove City Council’s Local Sustainable Transport Fund (LSTF)*.
The hangar was formally presented on Tuesday, 9th September to the Ditchling Rise Area Residents Association (DRARA) which will manage the facility.
The hangar, on the corner of Ditchling Rise and Shaftesbury Road, is part of the university’s ‘smart e-bikes’ research project which is trialling and researching electrically-assisted cycles.
The ‘smart e-bikes’ research project, led by the University of Brighton between 2011 and 2014, is funded by the EPSRC. The aim of the project is to understand how people engage with smart e-cycling and the issues for policy, design/product development and research that could lead to a higher uptake of e-bikes in the UK, with the aim of reducing carbon emissions.
Dr Frauke Behrendt, senior lecturer and leading the project at the university, said: “This trial enabled us to understand how the combination of an e-bike and sheltered cycle storage might encourage more people to take up cycling. The Bikehangar is of particular importance to those who do not have space to park their bike in or outside their own homes.”
The new hangar has six spaces available for rent by nearby residents.
Attending the handover were: Abby Hone, Principal Transport Planner, Brighton & Hove City Council; Chris Sevink, Chair of the Ditchling Rise Area Residents Association; and Frauke Behrendt, Project Leader, Smart e-bikes Research Project, University of Brighton.
* Further information on Brighton & Hove City Council’s LSTF project can be found here.
Our efforts to spread the word about the ‘Smart e-bikes’ project continue with a presentation by Frauke at the BarCamp of the CAPS conference http://caps-conference.eu/ which is the first international event on Collective Awareness Platforms for Sustainability and Social Innovation and is taking place in Brussels on 1st July 2014.
CAPS projects http://ec.europa.eu/digital-agenda/en/collective-awareness-platforms-sustainability-and-social-innovation are EU-funded projects working towards “harnessing collective intelligence for taking better informed and sustainability-aware decisions”.
LSE Cities and the MacArthur Foundation have invited Frauke to their Foresight Seminar ‘Urban Governance Futures: Scenarios for London’ on 16 June 2014. She is particularly interested in their focus on the role of big data and real-time information in relation to the establishment of new urban governance processes and structure in cities. The seminar’s specific case study is urban transport in London and Frauke looks forward to contributing a smart e-bikes perspective.
The Smart e-bikes project loaned Brighton and Hove City Council (BHCC) three electric bikes for three events in February and March 2014 as part of the Personalised Travel Planning (PTP) scheme. PTP aims to help residents think about the way they travel around Brighton and Hove and supports them in making more sustainable travel choices.
The aim of the e-bike trial sessions was to give residents the opportunity to ‘have-a-go’ on an e-bike and get feed-back on their experience which it was hoped would add value to the Smart e-bike project.
BHCC offered residents the opportunity to try one of the e-bikes for free with a qualified e-bike cycling instructor at the events. The three events were:
- Energy Café, Hollingdean Community Centre, 15th February, 2014.
- Bike Hub, Love Your Bike Week, Circus Street, 19th February, 2014
- Positive Energy, Hanover Community Centre, March 15th, 2014
18 residents signed up (9 at Hollingdean, 6 at Circus Street and 3 at Hanover) and had a go with each ‘lesson’ varying in length depending on the ability/confidence of the cyclist. 7 residents asked to be kept in touch with the smart e-bikes trial.
The participants were asked for feed-back on their experience and the following is a summary:
On a positive note:
- All said they had enjoyed the experience.
- Many said that it was great fun
- Great for cycling up-hill
- Electric mode provided more power than expected
- Good that you still have to do some pedalling
- Made cycling easier
Not so positive:
- Bikes felt heavy to lift (although not to cycle)
- Expensive to purchase
- Felt big
- Charging battery often
And a few quotes from residents:
- ‘helpful to my partner who has arthritis’
- ‘better option than buying a car’
- ‘like riding a normal bike’
- ‘bringing life again’
Steve Kelly, a Transport Planner for BHCC who organised the events, wrote the following short report on the e-bike sessions.
“I cycled the e-bikes a few time a week, for 5 weeks, mainly between Hollingdean and Hove and attended the three events. During this time I cycled on the flat and on many hills, in sunshine and pouring rain. I also looked after the e-bikes between the events, doing simple safety checks and making sure the batteries were charged.
I really enjoyed riding the e-bikes and found them especially good when in electric mode against the wind on the sea-front. They were also great when having to ‘get away’ at busy junctions which were up-hill; cycling up any hill could also be made much easier. They were also great fun.
On the down-side, I’d agree with the comments about feeling big and heavy, but I guess as technology develops they will become lighter. I also felt uncomfortable about leaving them locked up anywhere other than in the agreed locked storage (so didn’t), but if I owned one myself this would be less of an issue.
My ‘stand – out moment’ from the three trials was watching the resident who wasn’t able to cycle any more (due to health reasons) but was able to have a go on the e-bike.
I think there is potential ‘out there’ for e-bikes to help people be active in the fresh air.”
Response to OLEV call for evidence on Government measures to support uptake of ultra low emission vehicles from 2015-2020
The Smart e-bikes Project research team: Sally Cairns (TRL and UCL), Frauke Behrendt (University of Brighton) and David Raffo (University of Ulster) with specialist advice from Andy Cope (Sustrans) and Lynn Sloman (Transport for Quality of Life) made a response to the Office for Low Emission Vehicles (OLEV)’s call.
The team’s overall contention is that OLEV should make electrically-assisted bikes a priority component of their 2015-2020 programme, and support their uptake in a number of different ways.
As noted in a recent OECD discussion paper, globally, the overwhelming majority of electric vehicles are electric bikes and scooters.
Electrically-assisted bikes offer considerable advantages over other types of electric vehicles in that:
- They are relatively cheap, thereby making them accessible to a wider range of people than electric cars/vans – and with potential social inclusion benefits (for example, they have been offered in some ‘Wheels to Work’ schemes, enabling jobseekers to take up new employment opportunities).
- Unlike other options, they offer potential health benefits through the physical activity generated, which has been shown to be sufficient to be of value, as discussed further below.
- They make relatively efficient use of road space, which may be particularly important in dense urban environments, where road space is constrained.
In brief, support for electrically-assisted bikes could potentially deliver excellent value for money, reaching relatively large numbers of people, and achieving economic and health benefits, in addition to environmental benefits.
It should be noted that the number of electrically-assisted bikes sold in the UK already far outstrips the number of electric cars and vans sold. In 2009, the British Electric Bike Association reported that over 15,000 units were sold in the UK. For 2011, a figure of 20,000 is quoted, and the market is thought to have expanded since that time.
The remainder of the team’s response comprises:
- A brief definition of electrically-assisted bikes, and a short summary of their environmental and health credentials.
- A summary of potential policy measures that could be considered.
- A summary of some of the results from our research work, suggesting the potential of this type of transport.
To read the full response: OLEV call for evidence response – e-bikes
Brighton and Hove City Council’s Transport Planning Department are borrowing three of our electric bikes for three community events in Brighton. Members of the public will see the bikes in action and some people will have the opportunity to ride an e-bike for up to an hour in a free cycle training session with a qualified cycle trainer.
Saturday, 15th February 2014
1.00 – 5.00 pm
The Energy Café
Hollingdean Community Centre, Thompson Road, Brighton
Wednesday, 19th February 2014
11.00 am – 3.00 pm
The launch of a new ‘Bike Hub’
Circus Street, Brighton
Friday, 21st March 2014
4.30 – 7.00 pm
An event prior to a ‘Positive Energy’ meeting at the Centre
Hanover Community Centre, Brighton
(More information to follow.)
The last of the bikes are being returned this week after two very successful trials with staff from the University of Brighton. The first trial participants collected their bikes at the end of June / early July and over the following two months the participants were able to take advantage of the wonderful summer weather. In September the bikes were returned, serviced and sent out again with the second tranche of participants.
Forty members of staff took part in the two trials; the participants were based in all three of the university’s Brighton campuses which are spread across the city. The project team would like to take this opportunity to thank everyone involved.
An enormous amount of data and information has been collected during these trials; we will now be busy collating and analysing this rich source of material and preparing the project report!
The Smart e-bikes project is pleased to announce that the Smart e-bikes project at the University of Brighton has funded Brighton’s first Bikehanger, an on-street lock up, in a residential neighbourhood in Brighton. The Bikehanger incorporates 6 spaces and initially 3 of these will be used by the project for a community trial. Two sets of local residents will participate in the trials; the first 3 people have taken their bikes and will be using the bikes over the next couple of months.
On 7th September, the local residents association, Drara, posted the news about the Bikehanger plus new parking spaces for twelve more bikes. These spaces had been installed following discussions between Drara and relevant authorities and were funded as part of an ongoing initiative to integrate local transport.
Dr Frauke Behrendt who is leading the project at the University of Brighton commented, “We are interested in finding out how the combination of an e-bike and sheltered cycle storage might encourage people in a hilly area to take up cycling. We are especially interested to get people involved who do not have space to park their bike in or outside their house.”
Once the trial use is over, the Bikehangar will be handed over to the management of Drara with spaces available to rent for nearby residents.
The University of Brighton announced the news that university staff can now borrow up to £2000 for the purchase of a tax-free bicycle and cycling safety equipment through Cyclescheme.
Smart e-bikes project leader, Dr Frauke Behrendt, worked closely with the university’s environmental team and the project was one of the key drivers in negotiating this welcome increase in the amount available. As Dorinda Kealoha, Environmental Officer at the university, said, “… this much anticipated increase in the bike loan limit means that even e-bikes and top of the range folding bikes can now be included in the scheme.”